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General Zoology Lab (04-115): Articles

Biological Sciences

SUBSET: JSTOR Biological Collection Archive Collection (return to this link when beginning a new search)

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Common parts of research articles

[ research graphic ]

Credit: Acupuncture Council of Ireland‚Äč

Research based articles often include several of the following sections:

  • Title & Author Information:
    briefly summarizes the subject or purpose of the article & documents the author's credentials in the field of study
  • Abstract:
    summarizes the research study and results of the study
  • Introduction:
    states the hypothesis or purpose of the research
  • Review of Literature:
    summarizes previous research that relates significantly to the research study/hypothesis. 
  • Methodology:
    describes what kind(s) of research methods were used and how the study was constructed/implemented
  • Findings/Results:
    collates and summarizes the data collected and calculates totals or trends, statistically significant findings, etc.
  • Conclusions/Discussion:
    discusses applications or implications of the findings/results
  • Further Study:
    suggests areas where more complete data or findings are needed and related areas for future research
  • Works Cited/References: 
    lists the sources cited by the author(s) of the article
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