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Academic Integrity Tutorial: 2. Paraphrasing

What does a legitimate paraphrase look like?

Reference

 Egen, O., Beatty, K., Blackley, D. J., Brown, K., & Wykoff, R. (2017). Health and social conditions of the poorest versus wealthiest counties in the United States. American Journal of Public Health 107(1), 130-135. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303515.

Original passage: 
At the most basic level, this study suggests that public health policy makers, public health professionals, funders, and others with an interest in improving the overall health status of the United States should increasingly focus on the needs of its poorest counties. 

 

A valid paraphrase and in text citation: 
A study of how to improve health and social conditions in the United States recommends starting with the most economically disadvantaged counties (Egen, Beatty, Blackley, Brown, & Wykoff, 2017, p. 133).

 

A bad paraphrase of the original: Why? Just changes out a few words here and there.
At a basic level, U.S. public health policy makers, public health professionals, funders, and others with an interest in improving overall health should increasingly focus on the needs of the poorest counties.


still bad paraphrase of the original: Why? Only added the citation.
‚ÄčAt a basic level, U.S. public health policy makers, public health professionals, funders, and others with an interest in improving the overall health status of the United States should increasingly focus on the needs of its poorest counties (Egen, Beatty, Blackley, Brown, & Wykoff, 2017, p. 133).

 

               More APA examples of citing within the paper or project Other citation style examples

Process

A. Read the source

B. List the main points 

C. Write your paraphrase without looking at the source

D. Compare what you wrote with the original. If you used any original words, put quotation marks around them, or put them in your own words.

E. Cite the source

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