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Theories of Mass Communication (20-320): Quality

Structure of a Research Article

[ research graphic ]

Credit: Acupuncture Council of Ireland

Research based articles often include several of the following sections:

  • Title & Author Information:
    briefly summarizes the subject or purpose of the article & documents the author's credentials in the field of study
  • Abstract:
    summarizes the research study and results of the study
  • Introduction:
    states the hypothesis or purpose of the research
  • Review of Literature:
    summarizes previous research that relates significantly to the research study/hypothesis. 
  • Methodology:
    describes what kind(s) of research methods were used and how the study was constructed/implemented
  • Findings/Results:
    collates and summarizes the data collected and calculates totals or trends, statistically significant findings, etc.
  • Conclusions/Discussion:
    discusses applications or implications of the findings/results
  • Further Study:
    suggests areas where more complete data or findings are needed and related areas for future research
  • Works Cited/References: 
    lists the sources cited by the author(s) of the article
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How do I know if an article has been peer-reviewed?

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  1. Enter the name of the journal enclosed in quotes (NOT the title of your article), e. g., "Journal of Accounting"
  2. In the results list, locate the matching journal name.
  3. If the publication is peer-reviewed, an icon peer review icon  appears to the left of the journal name. 

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