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Theories of Mass Communication (20-320): Research articles

Structure of a Research Article

[ research graphic ]

Credit: Acupuncture Council of Ireland‚Äč

Research based articles often include several of the following sections:

  • Title & Author Information:
    briefly summarizes the subject or purpose of the article & documents the author's credentials in the field of study
  • Abstract:
    summarizes the research study and results of the study
  • Introduction:
    states the hypothesis or purpose of the research
  • Review of Literature:
    summarizes previous research that relates significantly to the research study/hypothesis. 
  • Methodology:
    describes what kind(s) of research methods were used and how the study was constructed/implemented
  • Findings/Results:
    collates and summarizes the data collected and calculates totals or trends, statistically significant findings, etc.
  • Conclusions/Discussion:
    discusses applications or implications of the findings/results
  • Further Study:
    suggests areas where more complete data or findings are needed and related areas for future research
  • Works Cited/References: 
    lists the sources cited by the author(s) of the article
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How do I know if an article has been peer-reviewed?

1. On the B. D. Owens Library homepage, click Journal Title and enter the name of the publication:

EXAMPLE:   [ journal title example ]

2. In the results list, locate the matching journal name and click it.

[ click the title matching your search ]

3. If the publication is peer-reviewed, the listing says "yes"

[ peer reviewed articles have yes indicator ]

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