Communication Law and Ethics (20-314): Shepard's Signals

Shepard's indicators

AVOID cases that have a "stop sign" symbol.  They have been overturned by a higher court. 

Once an opinion is published, that case can be used to interpret other cases and can itself be subject to further interpretation by these cases.  Analyze a case to see how it has stood against possible subsequent interpretation in later cases. 


[ type shep: in the search box, followed by the citation number.  EXAMPLE:  shep: 800F.2d 111 ]

Indicator symbols

[ image of Shepard's Indicators ]

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