- Maggie Jones noted that reading is a "foundational block for elementary students" (5).
- Jones discussed that children need to begin reading at an early age to do well in school (5).
- Williams and Johnson argue that schools should adapt rapidly to change (5).
Three or more authors (include the surname of the first author followed by et al.):
- According to Smith et al, spending time at the library improves grades (10).
If more than one author have the same last name, include all the author's first initials in all text citations:
If both authors have the same surname and first initial, provide the authors' full name: