Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Multicultural Education for Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion (61-642)

Structure of a research article

[ research graphic ]

Credit: Acupuncture Council of Ireland‚Äč

Original, primary research article sections:

  • Title & Author Information:  briefly summarizes the subject or purpose of the article & documents the author's credentials in the field of study
  • Abstract:  summarizes the research study and results of the study
  • Introduction:  states the hypothesis or purpose of the research
  • Review of Literature:  summarizes previous research that relates significantly to the research study/hypothesis. 
  • Methodology:  describes what kind(s) of research methods were used and how the study was constructed/implemented
  • Findings/Results:  collates and summarizes the data collected and calculates totals or trends, statistically significant findings, etc.
  • Conclusions/Discussion:  discusses applications or implications of the findings/results
  • Further Study:  suggests areas where more complete data or findings are needed and related areas for future research
  • Works Cited/References:   lists the sources cited by the author(s) of the article

How to Write a Literature Review

Why and How

  • Why do a Literature Review?
  • "The purpose of a literature review is to help you explain how the question to be investigated fits into the larger picture and why you have approached the topic the way you have. This section of a scholarly report allows the reader to be brought up to date regarding the state of research in the field and familiarizes him or her to any contrasting perspectives and viewpoints on the topic."

  • How do you write a Literature Review?
  • "Summarize and explain what research has been done on the topic, citing the sources as you mention them. Point out the different ways researchers have treated the topic. Point out any connections between the sources especially where one source built upon prior study. Explain how this past work fits together to make your research question significant. Your literature review should present your synthesis of previous research and lay the foundation for understanding your research and appreciating its value."

    Washington & Lee University

 

[ B. D. Owens Library ] B.D. Owens Library | 800 University Dr. Maryville, MO 64468 | 660.562.1193 [ Twitter ] [ Facebook ] [ Instagram ] [ Spotify ] [ Pinterest ]