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Find an article, book,/eBook, video, citing example, or get research help from a librarian with an assignment.


Examples: letters, diaries, papers, memoirs, autobiography, journals, documents, dossiers, transcripts, reports, artifact (tool, weapon, ornament from the time), recording
When searching, include any of the boldface text below to locate primary materials about your topic. The boldface words are contained in subject headings, which is why the words starts with s:


  • s:sources
      Soviet Union -- History -- Sources
      France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799 -- Influence – Sources
  • s:correspondence
      Prime ministers -- Great Britain -- Correspondence
      Stalin, Joseph, 1879-1953 – Correspondence
  • s:personal narratives
      World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives
      Berlin (Germany) -- History -- Blockade, 1948-1949 -- Personal narratives
  • s:diaries
      War correspondents -- United States -- Diaries.
      Bush, George, 1924- -- Diaries.
  • s:speeches
      Speeches, addresses, etc.
  • s:pictorial works
      Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Pictorial works.
      Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Pictorial works
  • s:archives
  • s:material culture

Author Searching
If an historical figure that is important to your research has published books, search for them as an author:

  • Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich, 1894-1971
  • Gorbachev Mikhail Sergeevich 1931


  • Words in Subject Headings 
        s:world war and (s:sources or s:correspondence or s:personal narratives)
        s:world war and (s:diaries or s:pictorial works or s:archiv*) 
  • Search by Author  a:foner and a:eric  
  • Search by Title  t:underground railroad and t:reference 
  • Mixed Source Types: s:world war and s:1914-1918 and t:western front


  • Some keywords that are associated with primary source materials:
    letters, diaries, papers, memoirs, autobiography, journals, documents, dossiers, transcripts, reports
  • Sample search using primary source keywords:
    s:stalin and (letters or diaries or memoirs or papers or autobiograph*)
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