When is a citation necessary?
- Any time you:
- paraphrase (or summarize) ideas and/or information from a source
- quote (verbatim) from a source
- use facts found in a source
- introduce information that is not considered "common knowledge"
- Additional information is available through Yale University's Poorvu Center for Teaching and Learning
How should I indent resources in my works cited/bibliography/references?
All of the styles supported by B.D. Owens Library (APA, CSE, MLA, Turabian/Chicago) require a hanging indent for citations.
*highlight each citation and press Ctrl + T for easy hanging indent in MS Word
What is a DOI and when should I use it?
DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier, which is a series of letters and numbers that leads to an item's location. Articles in online journals are frequently assigned a DOI, which makes it easy to locate the article even if the URL changes. If an article includes a DOI, use that instead of the URL.
Should I include titles like Dr. or PhD to an author's name?
Do not include titles in any of the styles supported by B.D. Owens Library (APA, CSE, MLA, Turabian/Chicago).