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Research Methods in HPER (22-636)

What's in this guide?


  • journal, magazine, newspaper, and proceedings articles


  • print and online books, chapters, and edited books/eBooks

Web pages

  • Webpages, a webpage with a group author or no author/date


  • cases, laws, and government publications


  • social media, radio or music, video, music, etc.


  • Class documents, interview/letter/email, test


  • Statistics and figures (graphs, charts, maps, drawings, photographs)


  • parenthetical referencing examples within the text
  • citing author names within the text


  • formatting of author variations (one or more, no named author, multiple sources by the same author) within the Works Cited

Ask a Librarian

  • ask for research or citing help at the Library Services Desk or by chat/text messaging, email, or phone

Sample papers

Citation FAQ


The formatting and citation examples in this guide are based upon rules and examples in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association: The Official Guide to APA Style, 7th edition. If you would like additions or would like to report a correction to this guide, please contact Lori Mardis

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