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Library DIY: Citing Sources in Scientific (CSE) Format

Find how to locate a book, eBook, and articles, evaluate and cite sources, and access library services.

Scientific Style and Format (CSE), 8th edition

The following examples illustrate the CSE name–year system. In-text references consist of the author(s) surname and the year of publication. End references are unnumbered and listed in alphabetical order.

What's in this guide?


  • journal, magazine and newspaper article examples


  • print and online books/book chapters examples

Web pages

  • web page examples


  • images, video


  • publications; papers/poster sessions

In text

  • parenthetical referencing examples within the text
  • citing author names within the text


  • Formatting of author variations (one or more, no named author, multiple sources by the same author) within the references


  • formatting
  • sample references page

Ask a Librarian

  • ask for research or citing help at the Library Services Desk or by chat/text messaging, email, or phone

More guides

[ logo for 8th ed ] 

CSE Style NAME-YEAR system examples

  • journals and newspapers
  • forthcoming material
  • chapters in book
  • multivolume work as a whole
  • dissertations and theses
  • patents
  • personal communication
  • websites

Scientific report writing guidelines, Writing Center, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

Citation FAQs (CSE Style)


The formatting and citation examples in this guide are based upon rules and examples in the Scientific Style and Format, 8th edition by the Council of Science Editors. If you would like additions or would like to report a correction to this guide, please contact Carolyn Johnson

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